All parties have now published their manifestos for the 2019 general election. Here’s your guide to what is being promised ahead of the December 12 poll.
The Conservative Party, leader Boris Johnson: “Get Brexit done, unleash Britain’s potential”
The Green Party, co-leaders Sian Berry and Jonathan Bartley: “If not now, when?”
The Labour Party, leader Jeremy Corbyn: “It’s time for real change”
The Liberal Democrats, leader Jo Swinson: “Stop Brexit, build a brighter future”
The Brexit Party, leader Nigel Farage: “Change politics for good”
The Conservatives promise to “get Brexit done” by putting Boris Johnson’s Withdrawal Agreement Bill through Parliament before Christmas and taking the UK out of the EU by the January 31 deadline. They also pledge not to extend the implementation period beyond December 2020.
Labour says it will “get Brexit sorted” within six months by holding a legally binding second referendum and immediately implementing the result. The ballot paper will bear a “sensible leave deal”, which the party says it will negotiate with the EU within three months, and the option to remain.
A Liberal Democrat majority government would immediately revoke Article 50 and keep Britain in the European Union. The manifesto says in “other circumstances”, it will continue to fight for a second referendum and “passionately campaign” to remain.
The “proudly pro-European” Green Party is also calling for a second referendum, in which Green MPs would campaign to remain.
Rather than a manifesto, the Brexit Party has published a “contract with the people”. In it they push for a “clean-break Brexit”, promising “no more years of wrangling with Brussels”.
On the NHS
The Conservative Party has promised to build 40 new hospitals over the next decade, with £34 billion per year in extra funding. It also wants to use student grants to help employ 50,000 more nurses and 6,000 more doctors.
The Greens have pledged £6 billion per year until 2030 with a further £1 billion for nursing higher education. It wants to roll back privatisation of the NHS and focus funding for “major improvements” to mental healthcare.
Labour says it will “end” privatisation of the NHS and “never let our health service be up for grabs in any trade negotiation”. It also promises to end mixed-sex wards and ensure the NHS becomes a “net-zero-carbon service”.
The Lib Dems say they would raise £7 billion per year for ring-fenced NHS and social care funding by putting 1p on Income Tax. They pledged to bring in further mental health waiting time standards and make chronic mental health prescriptions free.
The Brexit Party says the NHS must remain publically owned and should not be privatised. It wants to abolish “politically imposed” hospital targets and introduce 24-hour GP services to reduce strain on A&E departments.
On the environment
The Conservatives have set a goal of achieving net-zero carbon emissions by 2050 by investing in “clean energy solutions and green infrastructure”.
The Green Party bases much of its manifesto around its “green new deal”. It includes replacing all fossil fuels with renewable energy, delivering a “public and sustainable transport revolution” and planting 700 million trees. It wants to reach net-zero-carbon by 2030.
Labour is promising a “green industrial revolution” and also wants to cut carbon emissions to net-zero by 2030. It said it will build 9,000 new wind turbines and enough solar panels to cover 22,000 football pitches.
The Liberal Democrats say they will reach net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2045 “at the latest” and 80 per cent renewable electricity by 2030. A Lib Dem government would also establish a £5 billion fund for flood prevention and climate adaptation measures.
The Brexit Party plans to plant “millions of trees to capture CO2” and promote a “global initiative” at the UN. It also wants the UK to recycle its own waste and make it illegal to export rubbish for incineration.
The Conservative Party pledges to increase the number of homes being built and “end the blight of rough sleeping” by the end of next Parliament. It says it will also introduce a legislation to improve quality and regulation of social housing.
The Green Party aims to “end the housing crisis” by creating 100,000 new energy efficient council homes each year, as well as improving insulation in every UK home.
Labour says that the Grenfell Tower tragedy was a “symbol of the failing housing system” and promises to introduce a £1 billion Fire Safety Fund. This would fit sprinklers and other safety measure to all high rise council and housing association blocks.
The Lib Dems also want to end rough sleeping over the next five years and decriminalise homelessness by scrapping the Vagrancy Act. They would also introduce a Rent to Own scheme in which tenants could end up owning a property after renting it for 30 years.
The Brexit Party wants to “rebuild the housing system” by simplifying planning consent for brownfield sites and making it easier for councils to borrow from the government to build council houses.
The Conservatives have promised to make it easier for police officers to stop and search known knife carriers and create 10,000 more prison places. They also plan to impose tougher sentences for serious crimes, including life imprisonment without parole for child murderers.
The Green Party wants to create an “ecocide” law that prosecutes those who commit “crimes against the natural environment”, as well as increase funding for prevention and prosecution of hate crimes.
Labour is promising to recruit “2,000 more frontline officers than have been planned for by the Conservatives”. It also wants to restore the number of prison officers to the level of 2010.
The Liberal Democrats say they will invest £1 billion to restore community policing and adopt a “public health approach” to tackling violence. They also want to fund an immediate two per cent pay rise for police officers to encourage recruitment and retention.
The Brexit Party also wants to increase police numbers, and specifically aims to target country lines drug dealers, gangs and knife crime.
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