India's Supreme Court is to decide whether more than 40,000 Rohingya refugees in India are to be deported.
The case was brought forward by refugee Mohammad Salimullah, who lives in New Delhi after fleeing Myanmar more than 14 years ago, according to CNN.
Salimullah, who runs a shop and lives in a makeshift settlement with other members of Rohingya community, told CNN "here, after becoming refugees, we found the right to work, the right to go anywhere we'd like."
However India's strongly nationalistic federal government but forward the idea of deportation in August, requesting that local authorities identify illegal immigrants, including Rohingya Muslims from Myanmar.
When Salimullah heard about the plan he started a petition and, working with Supreme Court lawyer Prashant Bhushan, they filed a case.
The government submitted documents to the Supreme Court in September which claimed there were links between "unauthorised Rohingya immigrants with Pakistan based terror organizations."
It also said: "Many of the Rohingyas figure in the suspected sinister designs of Isil/Isis and other extremist groups."
However there is no evidence in the public domain to support these claims. India also claims as it is not part of the UN Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees and is using this as part of its argument.
The news comes with more than half a million Rohingya people having recently left Myanmar to seek sanctuary in Bangladesh, meaning aid is already running low.