Members of Parliament have approved a motion to remove Independent Group MPs Ian Austin and Mike Gapes from the Foreign Affairs Committee, and replace them with Labour MPs.
The motion was passed by 199 votes to 134 – a majority of 65.
Mr Austin and Mr Gapes will be replaced by Labour's Conor McGinn and Catherine West.
Cries of "shame" could be heard in the chamber as the result was announced.
Select committee places are currently allocated on a party basis at the start of each Parliament following a General Election.
Mr Austin described the motion as “vindictive”.
After the vote, he said: "I'm very grateful to those MPs from all parties who voted to keep me on the committee and I don't think labour MPs will look back with pride on voting for Jeremy Corbyn's vindictive motion to kick me off because I stood up to racism.
"That the Labour Party abstain on votes to ban hezbollah but impose a three line whip to vote against me tells you all you need to know about what has happened under Jeremy Corbyn."
Mr Gapes said it was “a sad day for the independence of Select Committees”.
He tweeted: "So despite the unanimous support of my @CommonsForeign colleagues I have been purged by a vote of the House 199-134. Government had free vote. Labour were whipped. Thank you to those Labour MPs who defied the whip. This is a sad day for the independence of Select Committees."