A fresh wave of strikes across railways in the UK is set to create new travel misery for commuters on Thursday.
The dispute over the role of guards on driver-only trains has become increasingly bitter as Rail, Maritime, and Transport union (RMT) workers walk out for the second time this week.
Action is to take place on Southern Rail, Merseyrail, Greater Anglia and Arriva Rail North across the bulk of Thursday morning, afternoon and evening.
Workers across the new South Western Railway chain are also set to join the strikes after voting in favour of industrial action over a similar instance.
RMT General Secretary Mick Cash accused Southern of adopting "bullying" tactics, with the union claiming the company had threatened the pensions of striking workers.
Southern denied this, saying they only sought an end to the long-running dispute over guards.
Most of the operators have said they intend to run as full a service as they possibly can, with some stations closed.