Researchers in Finland have used the power of volcanoes to create anticancer materials.
Scientists at Aalto University simulated the chemistry of the deep ocean, specifically the effect of deep-water volcanoes on the water around them, to mass-produce a particle known as zinc peroxide.
Their study synthesised the effect of water hitting lava from a volcano, which is much hotter than its own boiling point. This produces a vaporous insulation layer which prevents the water from rapidly boiling, according to EurekAlert.
This process, known as the Leidenfrost Effect, in turn creates nanoclusters of zinc peroxide, a small particle that supplies oxygen.
The scientists believe zinc peroxide could be manipulated in the treatment of cancer and other diseases , and could even kill tumours.
By harnessing the Leidenfrost Effect, the scientists claim they can produce zinc peroxide in an eco-friendly way, without needing to use expensive or environmentally damaging materials.
The study has been published in Nature Communications, and you can see a video here.