Nicola Sturgeon has said the Supreme Court ruling poses some "fundamental issues" for Scotland.
In the ruling, a panel of 11 justices declared that while Theresa May has to consult Parliament before triggering Article 50, she isn't compelled to consult the Welsh Assembly, Holyrood, or Stormont before starting EU negotiations.
Their formal approval is not needed for a vote on the process.
The First Minister was "obviously disappointed" with the result.
She said: "It's becoming clearer that Scotland's voice is not being heard or listened to in the UK, which raises fundamental issues above and beyond that of EU membership.
"Is Scotland content for our future to be dictated by an increasingly right-wing Westminster government with just one MP here - or do we take our future into our own hands?
"It is becoming ever clearer that this is a choice that Scotland must make."